What You Need to Know About Gum Disease and Its Treatment

What You Need to Know About Gum Disease and Its Treatment

Gingivitis is a disease that causes gum inflammation and is caused by a bacterial infection. It is known to damage the soft gum tissues and the bone supporting the teeth hence making them loosen the grip they have on your teeth. If proper treatment is not administered, tooth loss becomes inevitable.

Its Signs and Symptoms

  • Bleeding gums
  • Gums that are swollen and puffy
  • Bad breath
  • Presence of pus between the gums and teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Spitting blood out whenever you floss or brush your teeth
  • Tender gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Painful chewing
  • Sensitive teeth

Risk Factors

Below are the risk factors associated with periodontitis and gingivitis:

  • Genetic factors – If you come from a family with a history of this disease, you are more likely to develop a bacterial infection. Make sure you share such information with your dentist.
  • Chewing or smoking of tobacco – The use of tobacco products alters the normal functioning of the cells found in the gum tissue, making you vulnerable to bacterial infections.
  • Nutritional deficiencies – Lack of enough vitamin C can be detrimental to your gum’s health. Heavy sugar intake, eating carbohydrates, and low consumption of vitamin C and water, are bad combinations that will result in gum issues.
  • Prescription medications – There are medications that lower saliva production and reduce its flow leaving your mouth dry. A dry mouth encourages the faster spread of bacteria. Feel free to have a discussion with your healthcare provider if you have concerns regarding your medication and gum health.
  • Pregnancy – During pregnancy and menstrual cycles in females, there are hormonal changes that make the gums susceptible to periodontitis. Due to this reason, pregnant women are advised to maintain ideal oral care.
  • Although the gums of expectant mothers might turn red, puffy, or even bleed when they brush, it does not necessarily mean they are suffering from the disease. These symptoms usually disappear after giving birth, but it is essential to consult a dentist to be sure.

Some other factors are broken fillings, poorly fitting dental appliances, obesity, and diabetes.

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Periodontitis

Olive Palm Dental is a clinic that offers gum disease treatment in Houston, TX. If you live nearby, you can book an appointment with us and get gum disease treatment near you, among other services.

If you pay regular visits to a dentist, he/she is likely to detect early signs of gum disease during your routine exams. Your oral health status will be monitored to ensure that your condition does not worsen over time.

A probe, which is a dental tool resembling a ruler, is used to check for periodontal pockets in your gums. A dental x-ray may also be required, and if your case looks severe, you may be referred to a gum specialist.

Gum disease treatment in 77081, Hillcroft Avenue, aims at eliminating bacterial deposits and plaque from the gums and teeth. Below are some practices of how this is achieved:

1. Professional Cleanings

This will involve cleaning methods known as root planning and scaling. They help in the removal of rough spots and tartar, which are sites that harbor oral bacteria.

2. Prescription of Antibiotics

There are instances where antibiotics will be prescribed to help curb persistent oral infections that are not responding to professional cleanings. These antibiotics come in various forms and can be administered as oral tablets, gel, or mouthwash.

3. Surgery

If you have persisting inflammation in inaccessible sites, a dental surgery known as flap surgery may be recommended. During this procedure, the gum tissue is lifted away so that your teeth’s roots are cleaned. After the cleaning, they are sutured back in place. Sometimes, a bone grafting procedure is done after the flap surgery to regenerate lost bone tissue if the patient has lost some.

4. Oral Care Hygiene Practices

Periodontitis is a preventable disease caused by failure to maintain good oral hygiene. Your dental team will advise you on how to keep your gums and teeth clean.

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